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Sacroiliac joint injections are used to treat patients that are experiencing chronic lower back pain that is originating from the sacroiliac joint. Some have suggested that between 15% and 30% of patients experiencing chronic, nonspecific pain are also afflicted with pain in the lower back owing to the sacroiliac joint. Of the existing interventional treatments available, both extra-articular and peri-articular steroid injections within the sacroiliac joint have provided patients with pain reducing benefits above and beyond placebo in randomized control trials. Further, these findings were sustained when the patients were evaluated at a one month follow-up.
At Wake Spine & Pain Specialists our goal is to relieve your pain and improve function to increase your quality of life.
Sacroiliac Pain Treatments are generally non-to minimally invasive and are conservative in nature. Use the form on the right to request a call from our Patient Concierge Group.
The sacroiliac joint is large and located at the base of the spine, connecting the spine with the hip. Thus, it is responsible for bearing the weight of the patient’s upper body and limbs. As such, this joint only permits a restricted range of motion in order to allow for maximum stability. The sacroiliac joint is a diarthrodial joint and joins the ileum (pelvic bone) and sacrum (base of the spine). The surfaces where the ileum and the sacrum come together are covered with a thin plate of cartilage. The space between them is filled with clear, viscous synovial fluid and is enclosed within a fibrous capsule.
The sacroiliac joint injection is given in the area just outside the membrane of this fibrous capsule. Using only a local anesthetic and a fluoroscopic device (or x-ray) as a guide, a physician inserts a very small needle into the desired area between the vertebrae. Contrast dye is used to test for proper placement of the needle prior to injecting the steroids, as well as appropriate distribution of the solution within the area of interest. Once proper placement has been assured, the physician administers the steroids. Moreover, steroids are administered only in the areas with the most inflammation. This reduces the amount of exposure the patient has to the steroids.
Conditions Related To Sacroiliac Joint Injections
Sacroiliac joint injections are commonly utilized among anesthesiologists for the treatment of chronic, nonspecific lower back pain that is a result of inflammation, irritation, or injury within the nerves of the sacroiliac joint. Sacroiliac joint pain can be difficult to diagnose as it may be attributed to a new injury or strain in the lower back. Indeed, previous work has reported that as much as 40% to 50% of individuals with confirmed sacroiliac joint pain are able to identify a precipitating event that likely played a role in the onset of the pain episode. These events have included motor vehicle accidents, falls, and repetitive stress.
Acute events, however, do not account for all cases of sacroiliac joint pain. Previous research has identified a number of characteristics that seem to be associated with an increased risk for developing sacroiliac joint pain. These factors include discrepancy in length between the legs, transitional anatomy, gait and biomedical abnormalities, persistent strain, scoliosis, or even pregnancy.